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Impact of New UK Regulations on Women’s Angel Investing in Startups

Navigating the Impact of Recent UK Regulatory Changes on Startup Investment

The United Kingdom has long been a powerhouse in Europe’s startup ecosystem, fostering innovation through a dynamic tech community and robust funding options. However, recent alterations in regulations are poised to shake the foundations of this thriving ecosystem, particularly affecting the diversity of angel investors.

The Regulatory Landscape

The Financial Promotions Act, last updated in 2005, plays a pivotal role in determining who can be approached for investment opportunities. It provides exemptions that allow startups and syndicates to directly share investment opportunities with potential investors, with severe penalties for non-compliance imposed by the Financial Conduct Authority.

Assessing High Net Worth Individuals (HNWIs)

The heart of the matter lies in the updated criteria for qualifying as a High Net Worth Individual. Wealth thresholds have seen a significant increase, and specific job qualifications have been narrowed down, disregarding the weight of actual investing experience in the assessment.

Breaking Down the New Rules

1. Higher Wealth Thresholds

– Previous Income Threshold: £100k
– New Income Threshold: £170k
– Previous Net Assets Threshold: £250k
– New Net Assets Threshold: £430k
The drastic increase in wealth thresholds will result in a substantial decline in potential angel investors, disproportionately affecting regions outside of London, with a significant impact on women’s participation.

2. Work vs. Investing Experience

– Investment Experience Exclusion
– Private Equity or SME Financing Inclusion
The revised rules raise questions about the qualifications required for assessing the ability to invest, favoring individuals working in specific financial sectors over those with hands-on investing experience.

3. Directorship

– Minimum Turnover for Directorship Qualification: £1.6m
The updated directorship criterion may exclude self-employed individuals and those involved with pre-seed companies, potentially perpetuating underrepresentation of women on boards.

4. Active Member of an Angel Group

– Six-Month Requirement for Sophisticated Investor Status
While being an active member of an angel group for over six months grants sophisticated investor status, uncertainties remain about whether members can access startup decks during this period.

The Impact on Diversity

The new regulations risk exacerbating the lack of diversity in the startup investment landscape. Wealth and narrow job qualifications are prioritized, potentially making early-stage investors in the UK more homogenous in terms of ethnicity, gender, and location.

Advocacy for Change

Recognizing the importance of diverse angels in fostering a more inclusive tech sector, an open letter to the Chancellor has been initiated. The letter calls for a 6- to 12-month extension of the current regulatory framework, allowing for further consultation involving women and underrepresented investing groups.


As the UK grapples with these regulatory changes, it is crucial to strike a balance between risk mitigation and fostering diversity. The government’s commitment to a vibrant and inclusive startup ecosystem should be reflected in regulations that encourage, rather than hinder, the participation of diverse angel investors.


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